The flag of Quebec, the Fleurdelisé, consists of a blue field charged with a symmetric white cross, further centered in each quadrant a white fleur-de-lis. The flag is designed in the 2:3 ratio, however, a variant of the flag in a 1:2 ratio exists for the purpose of flying alongside the Canadian flag and other provincial flags.

“The flag is the national emblem of Québec and must be flown on the central tower of the Parliament Building.

As the national emblem of Québec, the flag shall be displayed at official events and in the places, cases and circumstances determined by regulation of the Government.

In all cases, the flag of Québec has precedence over any other flag or emblem.”

Act Respecting The Flag And Emblems Of Quebec

The last line in that section of the act is contradictory to Canada’s federal protocol which instructs that the Canadian flag shall take precedence over provincial flags.

Quebec has had an active sovereignty movement sine the 1950’s. As a symbol of this, whenever a federalist party controls the National Assembly of Quebec the Canadian flag flies alongside the Fleurdelisé. However, should a sovereignist party form the provincial government then the Fleurdelisé flies alone.

Quebec is Canada’s only province with a predominantly French speaking populace. It is the largest province by area and only dwarfed by the territory of Nunavut. The City of Montreal is Quebec’s largest city with approximately half of all Quebecois live within the Greater Montreal Area.

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The red symmetric cross emblazoned on a field of white. the symbols charged in each quarter represent one of the four main ethnic groups that settled the City of Montreal. Clockwise from top-left:

  • A blue Fleur-de-Lis of the Royal House of Bourbon representing the French
  • A red Rose of Lancaster to represent the English
  • A green shamrock to represent the Irish
  • A violet thistle, representative of the Scottish

The flag of Montreal will soon be changing, replacing one of the four symbols with that of a symbol representing the First Nations who came before the European settlers. The symbol has yet to be chosen.

The second largest population area in the province of Quebec is Quebec City, the province’s capital city. The city was founded by Samuel de Champlain who arrived to the area on the Don de Dieu, one of three ships that sailed from France with materials to settle Quebec City.

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La Citadelle – Source: Wikipedia

Quebec City is also home to La Citadelle, an active military base and official residence of the Canadian Monarch and Governor General of Canada. La Citadelle is the oldest military installation in Canada.

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The flag of Quebec City consists of a field of blue charged with a yellow tall-ship, the Don de Dieu, in the centre. A white crenelated border within the field of blue represents the city’s walls.